The 4-Hour Workweek

The next 10 minutes you spend reading this might be one of the top 10 most life-changing events of your life.

Reading the book was one of the top 10 most life-changing incidents of mine. The 4-Hour Workweek is the manifesto of a new and better worldview, a profoundly transformational shift that is the antithesis to some of modern society's most entrenched and pervasive assumptions about the way life is and will be.

This might be the most inspiring book I've ever read - in the truest sense of the word - because the author presents a new possibility for the reality of life, and actually follows it up with pragmatic, step-by-step instructions. Tim Ferriss isn't just an author with some good ideas; he lived out every step in the book. The advice he's able to give from going through that experience was enough to change not only my life, but others, as evidenced by 1.3 million copies sold and seven consecutive years on the New York Times bestseller list. He's not a one-trick pony, either - his other two books have also been bestsellers, and his blog and podcast have both ranked #1 in the world in their categories. Tim has also been an investor or advisor for Facebook, Twitter, Uber, Evernote, Shopify, Duolingo, and Alibaba, among others, which would suggest he knows a thing or two about making success happen.

First and Foremost

To leverage the techniques in this book, you don't have to quit your job, or be a risk-taker, young, or single. You don't need to be born rich, or graduate from an Ivy League school. Anyone can escape the "deferred-life plan," which the author labels as a "fragile collection of socially reinforced illusions." His greatest fear is "a tolerable and comfortable existence doing something unfulfilling."

Real wealth comes from time and mobility, as well as money, and those who have learned to build these dual additional currencies have become what Tim calls the "New Rich." This is one of the underlying truths of the book: people don't want to be millionaires; they want to experience what they think only millions can buy. This book is about having a lifestyle of complete freedom without having a million dollars, by using the currencies of time and mobility.

Tim clarifies that you probably won't be able to replicate every single thing he recommends, but you can use the same principles to get the same results. Instead of passively accepting things for the way they are, be a dealmaker. (See Chapter 5 in the summary of Rich Dad, Poor Dad for more on taking that advice to heart.)

The framework for most of this book is structured under the acronym "DEAL":

Definition: Replace self-defeating assumptions.

Elimination: Forget time management; learn to ignore the unimportant. (provides time)

Automation: Learn to put cash flow on autopilot. (provides income)

Liberation: Create freedom of location. (provides mobility)

Tim wraps up the intro by giving a pretty detailed chronology of his life, which I respect tremendously for its boldness. Almost without exception, people who succeed leave out the details of how they got there, leaving you to wonder if their methods just got them in trouble until they just got lucky, or if they really have a repeatable formula. People like to create a narrative of consistent upward progress because that is the version of reality that the world expects. True to the stated principle of the book, Tim shares the up-and-down journey and "lucky" breaks.

Step I: D is for Definition

Chapter 1: Cautions and Comparisons: How to Burn $1,000,000 a Night

Tim begins expounding on his "New Rich" classification by specifying precisely what it is not - spending your life working to buy things you don't need, like the guy who is rich enough to drop $1,000,000 in a night at Vegas, but never liked a single one of the businesses he started. The author then provides a number of additional examples of the contrast. Here are a few:

Deferrer: To work when you want to.

New Rich: To have others work for you.

Deferrer: To retire early and young.

New Rich: To distribute recovery periods and adventures (mini-retirements) throughout life on a regular basis and recognize that inactivity is not the goal. Doing that which excites you is.

Deferrer: To reach the big pay-off, whether IPO, acquisition, retirement, or other pot of gold.

New Rich: To think big but ensure payday comes every day: cash flow first, big payday second.

Tim sees being financially rich and being able to live like a millionaire as two profoundly different things. Why? Money is multiplied in practical (or "lifestyle") value if you can control what you do, when you do it, where you do it, and with whom you do it. What we want isn't money; it's the power to do what we want with our lives.

Chapter 2: Rules that Change the Rules: Everything Popular Is Wrong

If everyone is defining a problem or trying to solve it the same way and the results aren't satisfactory, ask, "What if I did the opposite?" As an example, the author talks about how in his first sales job, he discovered that the primary barrier to setting up a meeting with potential clients was the gatekeepers (secretaries, etc.). He started making all his calls only from 8:00 - 8:30 and 6:00 - 6:30, which netted him twice the number of meetings than the people who made calls all day long from 9 - 5.

In this chapter, Tim presents ten ways that you need to redefine and solve life in order to leverage this principle.

  1. Retirement is worst-case scenario insurance. The whole concept of retirement is predicated on the assumption that you dislike what you're doing during the most physically capable years of your life, which is a terrible and completely unacceptable reality. To be honest, building up enough capital to sustain a retirement above the poverty level is a mathematical impossibility for most people, given the realities of today's market. Only incredibly ambitious and hard-working individuals could ever reach such a goal, and if you're that type, are you really going to want to sit around and do nothing? You'll probably want to get another job - so why did you wait all those years?
  1. Interest and energy are cyclical. The key to thriving is alternating periods of work and rest, and that principle holds true at the career level. By distributing "mini-retirements" throughout life, you not only have a more enjoyable life, but you are also more productive when you work.
  1. Less is not laziness. Our culture tends to reward personal sacrifice over personal effectiveness, but the New Rich measure their contribution in results, not time. Laziness isn't working less; laziness is letting circumstances define your life for you, or "passing through life like a spectator from an office window."
  1. The timing is never right. Forget the pro/con list; whatever it is that you want to do someday, just do it now.
  1. Ask for forgiveness, not permission. People will deny things on an emotional basis that they'll actually accept after you've already done it. As long as any potential damage is minimal or reversible, don't give anyone the chance to say no; just do it, and you can ask for forgiveness later if necessary.
  1. Emphasize strengths, don't fix weaknesses. Enhancing your strengths often provides a multiplier effect, while trying to fix weaknesses typically leads to only incremental improvement.
  1. Things in excess become their opposite. This is true of time as well as possessions. The point of this book is not to create excess idle time, but to allow you to use your time to do what you want to do rather than what you are obligated to do.
  1. Money alone is not the solution. Adding more money isn't the answer as often as we think it is. We delude ourselves into thinking that we need more, and busy ourselves trying to make more, thereby avoiding the real problem.
  1. Relative income is more important than absolute income. Relative income is a measure of both time and money; for example, the person working 10 hours a week and making $10,000 is richer than the person working 80 hours a week and making $100,000.
  1. Distress is bad, eustress is good. Eustress is stress that helps you grow. Embrace good stress instead of avoiding stress altogether.

Chapter 3: Dodging Bullets: Fear-Setting and Escaping Paralysis

Cut through the ambiguous anxiety about doing what you want to do by naming your worst nightmare, literally and specifically: what's the worst that could happen? Then think of simple steps you could take to recover if it did happen. Define the worst case scenario on a scale of 1 - 10, then do the same for the potential benefit. You might find that you're avoiding taking action that could have a permanent positive effect of 9 because of a possible temporary effect of 3. Now compare that to the risk of being stuck in an office for the next 40 years. What is it really costing you to postpone action?

Chapter 4: System Reset: Being Unreasonable and Unambiguous

Because most people are convinced they can only accomplish mediocre things, the competition for mediocre goals is actually more intense than the competition for incredible things. Perhaps this is also partly due to motivation - we will try much harder for a dream worth dreaming. Rather than asking yourself, "What do I want," or "What are my goals," try, "What excites me?"

You have to define that alternate reality to replace what you're doing now. Otherwise, you're stuck with the vague, "I'll make X dollars and then I can do what I want." Define what you want! The author introduces the term "dreamlining": applying a timeline to your dreams to make the shift from ambiguous wants to defined steps. (This is the same technique championed by Tony Robbins in Section 3 of Money: Master the Game.) The goal has to be unrealistic to be effective, and it has to focus on activities to replace the work you're doing now.

  1. Create a 6-month and 12-month timeline, and for each one write down five things you dream of having, five things you dream of being, and five things you dream of doing. Then convert each "being" into a "doing" to make it more defined. If you need a more defined framework, write down one place to visit, one memory of a lifetime, one thing you'd love to do every day, one thing you'd love to do every week, and one thing you've always wanted to learn. You can download Tim's dreamline worksheet here.
  1. Out of all 15 for each timeline, circle the four that would change it all.
  1. Research and calculate the monthly cost of each of those four. Think in terms of monthly cash flow, not total cost. (a $260k Lamborghini can be leased for less than $3k/month.)
  1. Add up all the expenses, multiply by 1.3 (cushion for savings), then divide by 30 to get your target daily income.
  1. Write down three first steps for each of the four dreams in your six-month timeline and take the first step now. ("Now" as in "leave this webpage immediately, go do those four things, then come back.") Do the second four steps by 11:00 a.m. tomorrow, and the last four by 11:00 a.m. the day after. The steps should be doable enough that you can make this happen.

Step II: E is for Elimination

Chapter 5: The End of Time Management: Illusions and Italians

After defining what you want to do with your time, you have to free that time (without taking an income penalty). The approach to time management that most people take is the wrong one: trying to fill every moment with productivity. Because the expectation in an office environment is constant motion, not productivity, you must remove yourself from that environment. As an employee you'll need to liberate yourself with a remote working arrangement before you can automate. If you're an entrepreneur, the roadblock is your business, not your employer, so you'll be going in the reverse order - automating in order to liberate yourself.

Tim then introduces the Paretto principle, famously observed by Italian economist Vilfredo Pareto: in any field of endeavor, 80% of results come from 20% of actions. Ask yourself the following questions:

  1. What 20% of sources are causing 80% of my problems and unhappiness?
  2. What 20% of sources are resulting in 80% of my desired outcomes and happiness?

You'll have to spend some time to think about these questions, but if you think you can't answer them clearly, you haven't thought about them enough. There are no exceptions to the Paretto principle.

Tim's example comes from when he realized that five of his customers were bringing in 95% of his revenue. Two of those five were horrible, and the three others never caused any problems. So, Tim stopped putting any effort into the 120 other customers, and confronted the two problem customers. One left; one shaped up. Tim then focused all his effort on finding customers like the top three, and in a month doubled his income and cut his hours from 80 to 15.

If you're going to join the New Rich, you need to make the fundamental mentality shift that "being busy is a form of laziness - lazy thinking and indiscriminate action... lack of time is actually lack of priorities."

The other half of time management is known as Parkinson's Law: "A task will swell in (perceived) importance and complexity in relation to the time allotted for its completion." These two laws are synergistic: only do the 20% to shorten time, and shorten time so you focus on the 20%.

Chapter 6: The Low-Information Diet: Cultivating Selective Ignorance

Never read the news. If it's actually important, people will be talking about it and you'll find out. Tim does email once a week for an hour, which might not be possible for those of us stuck in the 9 - 5. But the point is that if you remove yourself as the bottleneck, the problems disappear.

As a mental reset, he also recommends taking five days to completely eliminate television (except for one hour of pleasure viewing), reading books (except for one hour of fiction), and web surfing (unless necessary for work).

To wrap up the chapter, Tim gives some other tips and tricks, the most important of which is practicing the art of nonfinishing. Most of us are in the habit of automatically finishing whatever we start, but if you feel an article, movie, meal, or anything else is wasting your time, stop. It will take practice to break this ingrained and wasteful habit.

Chapter 7: Interrupting Interruption and the Art of Refusal

Tim tells the story of how in college whenever he didn't get an "A" on a paper or non-multiple choice test, he would go to the grader's office with 2 - 3 hours of questions. With this method he learned exactly how the professor's mind worked, but more importantly, the professor would never again give him anything less than an "A" unless there was a very good reason - otherwise they knew they would face another 2 - 3 hour visit.

The lesson is to be difficult when it counts - develop the reputation of being assertive so you fight your fight once, up front, instead of many times later. In the context of this book, Tim identifies three main categories:

  1. Time wasters: unimportant email, phone calls, meetings, etc. Turn off the notification on your email as well as the auto send/receive, and check email only twice per day, at noon and 4:00. Tim recommends you set an autoresponder letting people know that due to high workload you are checking email only at those times. Include a number people can call if they have an urgent need. Remember - ask for forgiveness, not permission. You could speak to your boss beforehand and propose you try the approach for a few days, citing constant interruptions and a pending deadline. Then move to checking email only once a day as soon as possible.

Do the same for your phone communication - put your office phone on silent and always let it go to voicemail. In your voicemail recording, give callers that second number they can call if they have an urgent need. When someone does call the urgent number, get to the point of the call immediately. For example:

You: "Hi, this is John."

Caller: "Hi John, this is Jane."

You: "Hi Jane, I'm right in the middle of something/I have a call in just a minute/I'm about to go to a meeting. How can I help?"

The last step is to eliminate meetings. Tim gives a few tips for doing so:

  • Your communication preference should be first email, then phone, then meetings. Try to always steer people up the chain (e.g., from meeting to email by asking the person who has requested the meeting to send you an agenda first).
  • Respond to voicemail with email whenever possible. Propose "if-then" solutions that take you out of the problem-solving process.
  • Meetings should never be held to define a problem, only to make decisions about a problem that is already defined. Use the agenda trick, and you'll find you can often avoid the meeting by answering the question via email.
  • If meetings are necessary, define the end time in advance. You can site an important commitment you have soon after the meeting.
  • Use the phone efficiency technique when people drop by your work station - let the intruder know you're in the middle of something, but also insist that they go ahead and tell you what they want so you get the quick summary instead of having them bother you again later.
  • Use the "Puppy Dog Close" to manage up and across to eliminate wasteful meetings. When the pet store salesman says, "Just take the puppy home and try him out, and you can bring him back tomorrow if you want," it's much more likely the sale will be made, and highly unlikely the puppy will be brought back. Try, "I'd really like to go to the meeting, but am swamped today. Can I sit out just for today and catch up with X afterward?"
  1. Time consumers: things that must be done but often interrupt high-level work - customer service, financial reporting, personal errands, etc. The best practice for time consumers is simple: batching. By stretching the time periods between doing these kinds of tasks then doing them all at once, you eliminate setup and switching time, among other efficiencies.
  1. Empowerment failures: when someone needs approval to make something insignificant happen. To avoid these, establish a clear (ideally quantitative) threshold up to which your delegates have authority to make decisions on your behalf. Adjust the threshold based on results.

This works the other way as well - if you're being micromanaged, put together some rules that would give you freedom to spend less time getting approval from your boss. Tell your boss something like, "I know you're busy, and I hate to always be interrupting you. I've been doing some reading and have some ideas about how I can be more productive. Can we try out these guidelines for a day/week?"

A good way to sum up this chapter is to always let your default response for any request be, "No."

Step III: A is for Automation

Chapter 8: Outsourcing Life: Off-loading the Rest and a Taste of Geoarbitrage

A key part of becoming a member of the New Rich is to build systems to replace yourself, and an easy way to begin doing so is to hire a virtual assistant (VA) - someone in a low-cost geographic location who can save you time doing menial tasks. Tim mentions Brickwork and Your Man in India. Both are still in operation in 2015, but Your Man in India seems to have shifted its focus away from VAs. You'll have to submit a request on Brickwork's website for their current rates, but as of 2015 it will cost you $11 -$15 an hour for a VA to take care of personal errands, scheduling appointments, etc. (VAs with specific skills like business research or SEO may cost up to $22.) is also mentioned later, and services like Fiverr have also become available since Tim wrote the book. However, going with a VA company rather than a single VA gives you a backup in case one person becomes unavailable. Try out a few VAs, and see which one you like the most.

First try to eliminate, and then try to automate. Only delegate what remains; otherwise you'll be wasting your time and money. Additionally, make sure each task is both time-consuming and well-defined - otherwise, delegation might not be the most effective option.

The biggest objection people have is the expense, but Tim's reply to that concern is to consider what an hour of your time is worth. If you could pay $40 each week to have Friday off, wouldn't you do it? Paying $40 for a VA that saves you eight hours of work throughout each week is essentially the same thing.

The second objection is security, and the author goes into detail about how your personal information is much more secure with these VA firms than it is on your own computer. Use common sense, and you'll be fine.

Here are a few more useful tips:

1) Request someone who has excellent English and make it clear that phone calls will be required.

2) Don't just accept the first person the firm provides. Shop around to get a great VA.

3) Give instructions at the 2nd grade reading level. If you can't do that, you're probably not being sufficiently precise. Calibrate as necessary once you've assessed the VA's abilities.

4) Request that a status update be provided after the first couple hours to ensure that things are on track.

5) Set the deadline at less than 72 hours.

6) Always clarify the relative priority of tasks or portions of tasks.

Chapter 9: Income Autopilot I: Finding the Muse

Now that you've made some room in your schedule, it's time to find your muse, which the author defines as a product-based business that costs less than $500 to test and after a month's time will require less than one day per week to manage.

Step 1: Pick an affordably reachable niche market. Find a market first by defining your customers, and then design your product around them. It becomes much easier if you're a member of that target market yourself.

Step 2: Brainstorm (do not invest in) products. Here are your brainstorming constraints:

  • The benefit of your product should be explainable in one sentence or phrase.
  • Your product should sell for between $50 - $200, which is the sweet spot to be able to sell fewer units, create higher profit margins, and attract lower-maintenance customers - but not so expensive that customers want to speak with you before buying.
  • Your product should also take less than four weeks to manufacture in order to keep costs low and easily adapt to demand. One to two weeks is ideal.
  • Your product should be fully explainable in an online FAQ.

This isn't a formula for a good business; rather, it is a set of constraints suitable to the specific type of lifestyle business that qualifies as a muse.

Tim recommends you create your own product, rather than reselling or licensing, and the easiest type of product to create is an information product - low-cost, fast to manufacture, and time-consuming for competitors to duplicate. If you read the top three books on a given subject, you'll know more about the subject than 80% of the relevant population, thereby qualifying you as an expert. Simply take a general subject and summarize it in a way that is specific to the needs of your niche market. For example, if you're a real estate broker and realize that you'd like a simple but good-looking website to promote your services, read the three top selling books on home page design, and create a CD, ebook, guide, etc. to communicate the key points as they relate to a real estate broker. Bonus tip: To crank up the expert factor, consider finding experts to interview and sell the accumulation of their advice.

The person with the highest credibility will sell the most, not the person who knows the most about the subject. Fortunately, it's very easy to establish credibility. In less than a month, your bio could read like this: "Top relationship expert who, as featured in Glamour and other national media, has counseled executives at Fortune 500 companies on how to improve their relationships in 24 hours or less." Here's how:

1) Join two or three related trade associations with official-sounding names.

2) Read the three top-selling books on the topic and write a one-page summary of each.

3) Go to the closest well-known university, put up posters advertising a free seminar on the subject, and give the seminar using the summaries you've written.

4) Call up a local branch of a well-known company and tell them you've done the seminars at the university and that you're a member of the trade associations. Explain that you're trying to gain speaking experience outside of the academic setting.

5) Leverage your trade association membership and speaking experience to get an article published for a trade magazine. One option is to interview a known expert for the article.

6) Join ProfNet or ExpertClick, services journalists use to find expert quotes for their articles. Use the credibility you've gained from the previous steps, and it's actually pretty easy to be quoted in well-known media.

Chapter 10: Income Autopilot II: Testing the Muse

Experience and intuition are both poor predictors of the success of a product; the only way to test if anyone actually wants your product is to ask people to buy. The easiest way to do so is to create a basic one-to-three-page website, put up a Google AdWords advertisement for five days, and use the response to test whether people will buy. Here's the process:

1) Google the top terms people would use to find your product. Sign into your Google AdWords account, then use the Keyword Sandbox to figure out which keywords people use.

2) Visit the top three websites that consistently appear. Ask yourself how you could differentiate your product.

3) If people are searching and you have a way to differentiate, create a one-page testimonial-rich ad that emphasizes the benefits and differentiators of the product. Model your ad after other ads that have induced you to personally buy something, and get friends to try out the product for testimonials.

4) Test pricing by putting up a 48-hour eBay auction for the product, then cancelling before the auction expires (since you don't yet have product to ship). Then set up a website - you'll need to purchase a domain name and hosting from a company like BlueHost and create the page with your ad using Dreamweaver or other software (many people use WordPress). Include a "purchase" button that takes visitors to a second page with pricing, shipping, handling, and basic contact info (email, phone, etc.). Then have another button that says "Continue with order," but goes to a page that says something like, "Unfortunately, we are on back order but will contact you as soon as we have product in stock. Thank you for your patience." Track how many people visit that last page; each one counts as an order.

5) Set up five-day Google Adwords campaigns with 50 - 100 search terms to drive traffic and test click-through rates for different ad headlines. Aim for specific search terms so you get higher conversion rates and lower ad costs per click, and cap your cost at $50 per day. When you sign up for an Adwords account, you'll get free tools to track "orders" and bounce rates. Tim suggests AWeber to track email signups, although I personally use MailChimp's WordPress plugin.

6) Compare your product costs to your product price and best click-through and purchase rates. If the math works, set up a Yahoo store and PayPal account to receive payments. If the math doesn't work, tweak your ads and landing page until it does, or move on to the next idea.

chapter 11: MBA - Management by Absence

Once you have a profitable formula, the challenge is to remove yourself from the equation. Here are the two primary guidelines:

1) Learn how to do something yourself, then contract outsourcing companies that specialize in that function, not freelancers. This gives you a redundancy plan so you're not depending on one person.

2) Make sure all outsourcers are able to communicate among themselves, and give them written authority to make inexpensive decisions on your behalf.

Tim recommends you implement outsourcing in three phases:

Phase I: 0 - 50 units of product sold. Start by doing everything yourself so you can learn from customers about what they want, what their concerns are, and what isn't sufficiently clear on your website.

Phase II: >10 units sold per week. Find a fulfillment company (just Google "fulfillment services") who will agree not to charge you setup fees or monthly minimums (usually the smaller firms), and who will respond to inquiries from customers. Give them the list of responses you've collected from dealing with customer service yourself. After paying promptly for a month, ask for net 30 payment terms.

Phase III: >20 units sold per week. Decide upon an end-to-end fulfillment company, and ask for references to call centers and credit card processors they've worked with. Set up an account with the credit card processor first, then engage the new fulfillment company (necessary so the fulfillment house can also handle refunds and declined cards for you). If you need a call center, call the actual number of each one a few different times to test the wait times and personnel quality.

An important part of setting up your "muse" correctly to reduce service overhead is what Tim refers to as the art of "undecision."

1) Offer only one or two product options.

2) Offer only one shipping option, as long as it's not overnight or expedited. Otherwise, you're inviting anxious phone calls.

3) Only take orders online, never by phone.

4) Don't offer international shipping.

If you're worried you'll lose customers by doing these things, you're right - that's the point. Avoid dealing with problem customers (i.e., time consumers) by preventing them from ordering in the first place.

Step IV: L is for Liberation

Chapter 12: Disappearing Act: How to Escape the Office

Tim offers a five-step process to convince your employer to let you do your job out of the office:

Step 1: Increase investment. Get your employer to first invest in you to increase their cost if you leave. For example, ask if the firm has any additional trainings available to employees and take them.

Step 2: Prove increased output offsite. Call off sick for two days in the middle of the week, double your work output on both days, and make sure to demonstrate and record it with an email trail or otherwise. If you have to be on your computer at work, try GoToMyPC remote access software.

Step 3: Prepare the quantifiable business benefit. You need to position remote working as a business benefit, not a personal perk. Bill more client time, complete more projects, or otherwise demonstrate quantified improvement. Explain the increased productivity as less time commuting and fewer distractions.

Step 4: Propose a revocable trial period. Informally mention to your boss how you were sick those two days and didn't expect to get anything done, but were actually twice as productive. Ask if you could try working from home Monday and Tuesday for the next two weeks as a trial that your boss can veto at any time. Make sure to mention that you'll of course come to the office for any meetings or anything else that comes up. "So what do you think? Test it out starting next Monday and see how much more I get done?" When your boss objects, acknowledge his concerns and propose working from home only one day a week instead.

Step 5: Expand remote time. Continue to kill it on your work-from-home days and slightly drop your in-office performance to heighten the contrast. Ask for another trial period with an extra two days at home, dropping down to one extra day if necessary. After your boss has gotten used to this, ask for a full-time remote trial of two weeks as you visit relatives out of state or some other understandable reason to need to be away. (Bonus tip: schedule vacation for a time that you know will be busy at work, then once the time comes and people are panicking, be the hero by offering to work the whole time remotely instead.)

Chapter 13: Beyond Repair: Killing Your Job

If you can't get to a satisfactory level of remote working at your job - just quit (as long as you're more likely to find what you want somewhere else other than your current job). Tim counters the four usual objections to doing so:

Objection #1: Quitting is permanent. Go back to the exercise in Chapter 3, and you'll quickly discover that it's entirely possible to get right back on the same track if you change your mind.

Objection #2: I won't be able to pay the bills. First of all, don't quit without having another job lined up if you don't have another source of cash. Secondly, there are always options to lower expenses. Go through all your monthly expenses and ask yourself, "If I had to eliminate this because I needed an extra kidney, how would I do it?"

Objection #3: Health insurance and retirement accounts disappear if I quit. The health insurance situation in the U.S. is different now from when Tim wrote this book, but you can still probably get insurance for about the same price. In addition to the government's insurance exchanges, there are plenty of private insurance exchanges. You might even qualify for some discounts through a professional association or other group. As for retirement, it's easy to transfer your 401(k).

Objection #4: It will ruin my resume. If you're quitting your job in the spirit of this book, you're doing it in order to do something interesting. The period after you quit is going to be the most interesting item on your resume (if you ever need one again), and the one thing that will make you stand out the most and land interviews.

Chapter 14: Mini-retirements: Embracing the Mobile Lifestyle

In this chapter, Tim attacks what he calls "one of the biggest self-deceptions of the modern age: extended world travel as the domain of the ultrarich." People work their whole lives, hoping to save enough money to retire to a tropical beach house. The really ambitious seek out high-stress, high-paying careers in law, finance, etc., telling themselves they'll work nonstop for 15, 20, 25 years in order to save up a couple million to finance their early retirement of proverbial motorcycle rides across China.

Tim has spent less than $3,000 each for three common "deferred dreams": living large in Thailand, sailing across the Caribbean, and even riding that motorcycle across China.

He's also paid $250 for five days on a private tropical island with three local fisherman who caught and cooked all his food and took him to all the best hidden diving spots in Panama, and $150 for a three-day private plane charter over the beautiful Mendoza vineyards and snow-capped Andes mountains of Argentina. You can easily blow that kind of money in a weekend or two of "nonsense and throwaway forget-the-week behavior" in most U.S. cities.

Tim actually suggests much more than one-to-three-week life-changing trips to exotic locales; he wants us to take the usual 20 to 30 years of retirement and spread it throughout our lives in one- to six-month increments. The intention isn't a vacation to escape from your life, but a lifestyle of recurring mini-retirements where you experience the world, as opposed to just seeing it.

This alternate reality may seem strange to you, but it's not just best-selling authors and geniuses who can pull it off; Tim has met paraplegics, senior citizens, single mothers, and people from every walk of life who have done the same. A luxury penthouse in Buenos Aires with maids and personal security guards will cost you less ($550, including utilities) than you will pay for a run-down apartment in the bad part of town in the U.S. At $5 for a five-star restaurant in the same city, you can also eat like a king. If you use a credit card with good travel points for all muse-related purchases, you'll often get there and back for free.

Here are a few resources Tim recommends for making your mini-retirement happen:

General information

Inexpensive Flights

Free or Inexpensive Lodging

Chapter 15: Filling the Void: Adding Life After Subtracting Work

The person who has learned to replace self-defeating assumptions, eliminate the unimportant, put cash flow on autopilot, and create freedom of location will soon find themselves with an existential crisis. When you no longer have the external focus and daily distraction of meaningless work, your mind begins to turn inward and you start to torture yourself with questions like, "What is the meaning of it all?" I'm going to assume that most of us aren't going to face that problem for a while, so I'll skip the author's ruminations on the deeper mysteries of life. One conclusion, however, is worth mentioning: the point is not simply to reduce your work week to four hours, but to replace that meaningless activity with something more fulfilling.

Chapter 16: The Top 13 New Rich Mistakes

In your journey toward becoming a member of the New Rich, watch out for the 13 most common pitfalls:

Mistake #1: Losing sight of dreams and falling into work for work's sake.

Mistake #2: Micromanaging and e-mailing to fill time.

Mistake #3: Handling problems your outsourcers or co-workers can handle.

Mistake #4: Helping outsourcers or co-workers with the same problem more than once, or with noncrisis problems.

Mistake #5: Chasing customers, particularly unqualified or international prospects, when you have sufficient cash flow to finance your nonfinancial pursuits.

Mistake #6: Answering e-mail that will not result in a sale or that can be answered by a FAQ or auto-responder.

Mistake #7: Working where you live, sleep, or should relax.

Mistake #8: Not performing a thorough 80/20 analysis every two to four weeks for your business and personal life.

Mistake #9: Striving for endless perfection rather than great or simply good enough, whether in your personal or professional life.

Mistake #10: Blowing minutiae and small problems out of proportion as an excuse to work.

Mistake #11: Making non-time-sensitive issues urgent in order to justify work.

Mistake #12: Viewing one product, job, or project as the end-all and be-all of your existence.

Mistake #13: Ignoring the social rewards of life.


As you might have guessed, I'm a colossal Tim Ferriss fan. Beyond the scope of The 4 Hour Workweek and into his blog, podcast, and other books (The 4 Hour Body and The 4 Hour Chef), he is constantly pushing the boundaries of human performance, and is one of the best in the world at "meta-learning" - learning how to learn. Others have championed the same ideas that Tim outlined in this book, but none have done it so effectively. If you dread the idea of the deferred-life plan, I can't recommend a better teacher to get you out.

The first time I read the book, there were certain things that I considered simply impossible given my personal situation. I made the mistake of discarding those tips entirely. Don't make the same mistake; understand each principle and implement to the fullest extent you can. You might need to calibrate certain principles, such as the art of refusal, based on your environment. You'll probably also want to evaluate the advisability of each section based on your own personal costs and resources (e.g., make the more efficient investment of getting a dishwasher and paying someone to mow your lawn before you start buying time via virtual assistant.)

If you want to hear more from Tim Ferriss, you can find his blog here and his podcast here. He also recently released a TV series that has been ranking #1 across all of iTunes. The show is higher on entertainment value than usefulness, but it's also a great way to get introduced to the work Tim does.

The 4-Hour Workweek on Amazon

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Comments (17)

Best Response
May 13, 2015

Nice review but have to say I found the book terrible...I thought it was a complete mess in terms of layout and I found chapter after chapter claims were made that were at the very least questionable and at worst downright lies (in particular I remember the chapter on travelling on the cheap and how he rented a penthouse apartment in Berlin for $10 a month or something ridiculous).

Fact of the matter is I am not gonna let some stranger in India have my bank details, my boss is not going to let me work from home 4 days a week, I will not be able to get a plane ticket from NYC to Timbuktu for $5 and if I take a "mini" retirement I will burn through my savings and completely jack my career.

Bottom line is it all sounds good in print but I found it was just not applicable to the real world were people do have real commitments.

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May 13, 2015

@Zatopek great comment - this perfectly encapsulates the reaction many high performers have when they read the book. As I mentioned, this was also my perspective on many of the book's points the first time I read it. What helped me grasp these things was to step back and understand the decision tree process the author is outlining:

1) Understand that everyone won't be able to replicate everything. Learn the principles so you can replicate what you can within your individual circumstances. (First and Foremost section)

2) Start small. For example, no one is going to be able to convince their boss to just let them work four days a week from home, so ask for a one-time work-from-home period of two days, let them say no, and propose one day as a compromise. (Chapter 12)

3) It's not going to work in all situations, so sometimes you need to change your situation. If it's important to you to escape the deferred life plan, you might need to switch jobs, for example. (Chapter 13)

While it's very logical and human to reject things that don't match the reality that you've experienced, most success in life will come by learning to expand your personal reality. Tim's Berlin penthouse example was $300/month, but you could do it for free using Maybe you'll have to cut a deal to also pay $300/month if your NYC apartment isn't a fair trade for the Berlin penthouse, but the point is it can be done if you know how to be a dealmaker. I've personally made very similar deals by finding someone who needed to fill the vacancy immediately, and will take a price not even comparable to market value in order to avoid the alternative of getting nothing at all. Sometimes people won't be willing to do that, but sometimes they will.

The same principle applies to every other point in this book. Accept the possibility of expanding your personal reality, learn to be a dealmaker, be OK with asking and being rejected, and be willing to sacrifice things that don't matter to you.

May 19, 2015

I completely agree with you

May 13, 2015

+1 ... 'loved this post. 'will be coming back from time to time to refresh.. thanks.

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May 15, 2015

My friend is a high powered salesman who works like 70 hours a week. He introduced me to the book several years ago--he raved about it! But he's really only implemented 1 thing.

My buddy was inundated with emails ALL. THE. TIME. Clients, staff, business partners, etc. So he set up his email away message to state that he checks emails between certain hours and will respond during those time periods. So he might check his email at 8 am and spend 30 minutes responding to all the emails. Then at 11 am he might check his email again. And at 2 pm and 5 pm and 8 pm. He swears by it--said it's liberated him from enslavement to his email.

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May 15, 2015

Great comment and email batching the easiest of the tactics in the book to implement in my opinion. Checking emails in batches is talked about a lot by many other sources in addition to this book, but you might not realize how productive it can be without trying it yourself. I would NOT recommend using the auto-reply Tim mentions in the book though. Just think how quickly you can blitz through the stack of emails after returning from vacation. Obviously, there are plenty of times when you need to keep a closer eye from particular senders throughout the day, but you can set up alerts for those VIPs.

The other thing I took away from the book is not to try to implement these things verbatim but instead try to take a new viewpoint on my daily work and see where I can improve and maximize efficiency, which I think Ferriss talks about in interviews around the topic of this book,

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May 13, 2015

I would NOT recommend using the auto-reply Tim mentions in the book though. Just think how quickly you can blitz through the stack of emails after returning from vacation. Obviously, there are plenty of times when you need to keep a closer eye from particular senders throughout the day, but you can set up alerts for those VIPs.

Great point about the alerts for VIPs. I agree on the auto-reply also - it might apply for some people, but for many of us, a key component of our job is quick response time. I think Tim's reply would be to encourage people to train their boss/company not to need that quick response, or to find another job where quick response isn't important.


The other thing I took away from the book is not to try to implement these things verbatim but instead try to take a new viewpoint on my daily work and see where I can improve and maximize efficiency, which I think Ferriss talks about in interviews around the topic of this book,

Well said.

May 15, 2015

Excellent summary. Heard Tim will be releasing a 10 year anniversary edition.

May 13, 2015

For the 10th anniversary, he'll be publishing a book of anecdotes from people who implemented his strategy. It will probably be a big boost to Tim's brand and credibility to prove that many people other than himself have done the same things.

If you have a similar story, you can still get into the book by submitting it here:

May 15, 2015

Great write-up... as always.

I must admit, having read the book a few years ago I was intrigued. Tim Ferris is an interesting guy, and there a few decent tidbits that one can take away from this book, but I think the 4 hour work-week (and Tim Ferris in general) is WAY over-hyped. Tim is an excellent self-promoter, and if you are interested in learning how to "develop your brand" there are definitely lessons one can learn reading his books, listening to his interviews and podcasts, etc. With that said, he hasn't really done anything of note in terms of business/investing/consulting other than lining his pockets with people's cash. I don't begrudge him--infact, more power to him--but the way people take the BS he spews as gospel is mind-blowing.

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May 15, 2015

Hi, how do you go about summarizing books; do you write notes after each chapter? It will be awesome if you can you give me a brief summary of your process

May 13, 2015

I've already read all these books at least once, so I'm starting with a general idea of the theme and the main points. I'll begin by writing out the chapter and/or section titles to provide a framework, then take notes page by page as I go through.

Sometimes I'll need to read through a few pages to understand or recall the some of the more complex points that are being made, and sometimes I'll go back and revise what I wrote in order to present things in logical order (unlike some books that jump back and forth to stay engaging), but for the most part I just go straight through the book page by page.

I'll switch between notes - bullet points, phrases, and direct quotes - and free form writing. At times, I'm just recording the main points, so bullet points and quotes are more helpful; at other times, I'm understanding or recalling the overall message, and writing free form as a result. Once I've finished the whole book and have the overall message and feel, I'll go back and re-write the portions of the review for which I only took notes.

Incidentally, a great source for digging into book note-taking methods is Tim Ferriss' interview of Maria Popova, who runs Brain Pickings: Check it out if you're interested in doing something similar. Her posts are combinations of multiple literary sources, and she has put together an interesting system for synthesizing the information.

May 15, 2015

Oh, okay thank you for sharing. I tried to summarize a video and boy it was hella tuff-- made me respect all summaries even more.

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May 15, 2015

I've been a Tim Ferriss fan for quite some time and believe a lot of what he puts out is interesting material. It's no secret that he is a phenomenal self promoter and, as a result, has become a "rockstar" in certain circles of tech, entrepreneurship, blogging, and health. With that said, I believe that because of his ability to appeal to so many, it inevitably attracts large groups of people who will grossly misunderstand the major themes of his writings.

Probably the most commonly misunderstood concepts of all Tim's writings is the term "4 hour workweek." Tim describes works as activities you don't enjoy doing (checking email, booking flights, conference calls, etc) and recommends building systems that can automate/reduce the time spent on these activities. It's my opinion that most people believe that "4 hour workweek" consists of literally spending 4 hours a week on your business/career and the rest of your time laying by the pool, which everyone here knows is unsustainable.

Of all the 4-Hour books, I'm partial to his first, 4-Hour Workweek, because I think underlying message is a great; Time and Freedom>Money, focus your time and efforts on what you enjoy, and explore the world.

I think when you dig beyond the attention grabbing titles and case studies, you can walk away with some pretty valuable and actionable bits of info no matter your current situation.

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May 16, 2015

I'm sure there's good info in there but I just can't get through it. Maybe I am too cynical but I can't help rolling my eyes and skipping every few pages when I try to read things like this. A lot of it is just really transparent self-help marketing hype.

I really liked your webinar though. Good concise info without all the hype.

May 20, 2015

I like the four hour workweek and I have implemented a lot of Tim ferris' stuff. The email batching is a no brainer that i for some reason was not doing prior to reading the book and his process of moving toward working full-time out of the office is something I have steadily worked on for years. Location independence is 100% doable in finance if you have a performance job such as sales or buyside trading, you are good at it, and you are willing to cultivate an image that is slightly off-beat/eccentric without losing respect with your coworkers. In fact, the well-timed work blow-off/no-show that can be attributed to a creative process can be an extremely potent form of self-marketing. Think Don Draper in Mad Men...he makes this move many times including in last weeks' final episode....of course he is a fictional character but it shows the potency of this story that the anti-hero in a popular show is portrayed positively for doing this.

My only criticism of the book is that the space he focuses on for procuring cash flow (online marketing of ebooks and the like) is rapidly becoming extremely crowded and competitive. Although I am not in this business I would imagine that it is getting harder and harder to hire somebody to punch up some content, setup a website, and make a living selling fitness/dating/whatever e-books.

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Aug 24, 2017