Plant, Property and Equipment (PP&E) are assets owned by a firm which are tangible, long term and illiquid. PP&E is fairly self explanatory and contains assets such as:
- Buildings - Factories, offices, warehouses etc
- Machinery - Construction equipment, mass production
- Transportation - Company cars, truck fleets, aircraft, shipping containers
PP&E is listed on the Balance Sheet under Long-Term Assets. PP&E tends to be worth zero (or at least a lot less) after a given period of time so to account for this, PP&E is assumed to depreciate at a given rate over the lifetime of the asset and this is shown on the Income Statement and Cash Flow Statement as Depreciation.
On the Income Statement, Depreciation on PP&E is listed as a loss but on the Cash Flow Statement this must be added back in as it is not actually a physical loss in cash, merely a way of accounting for lifetime loss in value.
- Balance Sheet (BS)
- Capital Expenditure (CapEX)
- Capital Leases
- Cash Flow Statement (CFS)
- Financial Statements
- Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)
- Income Statement (IS)
- Tangible Assets