Net Debt definition

keteeson's picture
Rank: Monkey | 30

Hi all, i have a question regarding net debt calculation.

i know that net debt = total debt - cash and equivalents

but, what is exactly inside total debt when you look at the balance sheet? is it the sum of all liabilities? do you have to exclude any account? and if you do, why so?

thanks.

Comments (5)

Jun 15, 2017

Long story short, in total debt, you have short-term debt (short-term obligations: loans and notes payable, current portion of long-term debt, etc.) + long-term debt (mortgages and other loans that mature in >1+ yrs)

Jun 15, 2017

So, basically it is the total liabilities presented in the balance sheet?

Jun 15, 2017

no

Jun 15, 2017

There are two different types of liabilities: operational liabilities (like AP, accrued expenses, etc...) and financial liabilities aka debt (term loans, notes payable, etc.).

In other words, total liabilities =\= total debt.

Debt will be classified as long term or current (you can tell if its under current liabilities or long term liabilities) but the difference between current and long term debt is irrelevant for what you're asking. Net debt is total debt (only financial liabilities, not operations liabilities) minus cash.

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Jun 15, 2017
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