Credit Analyst Jobs

An occupation entails assessing a loan applicant's capability to pay and recommending whether or not the loan should be authorized. 

A credit analyst assesses a loan applicant's capability to pay and recommends whether or not the loan should be authorized. 

They work for financial firms, credit card businesses, credit rating agencies, and investment firms. They could also work in the credit departments of a range of companies.

A credit analyst analyzes financial data on loan applicants, including payment patterns and history, income and reserves, and spending habits. 

The analyst must then recommend whether or not the loan should be authorized.

The extremely specific field of credit analysis revolves around a company's financial risk assessment. The process starts with a background investigation into the applicant's background to determine whether he can pay back the loan. 

In other words, an analyst must exercise due diligence when evaluating the borrower's credit.

Job duties & Qualifications

A credit analyst has many job duties and competencies. Some of their tasks and skills include

  • Assessing credit requests, including new requests, amended requests, refinancing, and annual due diligence, after thoroughly analyzing financial data.
    • Amended requests are small changes that may affect the application
    • Refinancing is when you replace a debt obligation with a newer one.
    • Annual due diligence is related to thorough research to understand the subject matter before signing any agreement.
  • Reporting analyses, conclusions, and suggestions to the managers, mainly results in a borrower's capacity to pay.
  • Continually reviewing the company's lending policies.
  • Comparing credit reports to find inconsistencies and differences.
  • Creating and setting up models and spreadsheets to aid in the examination of credit applications, both new and old, through Excel, VBA, and SQL.
  • Examining and evaluating current and prospective clients' financial records and credit histories.
  • Examining credit applications and checking credit.
  • Organizing transactions and conducting risk analyses. This requires the capacity for sound judgment-based decision-making. 
  • Consulting and bargaining with customers on financial agreements, payment terms, and credit limitations. 
  • Managing many projects and submitting applications on time, time management is a crucial skill for efficient submission.
  • Possessing strong knowledge of the industry, economic, and commercial risk. 
  • Forecasting financial data to predict future loan conditions.
  • Following developments in and trends in finance.
  • Exercising due diligence.

The following are the qualifications commonly requested by firms looking for a credit analyst: 

  • A Bachelor of Commerce degree in a business major, preferably finance or accounting. The American equivalent is a Bachelor of Science in a business major.
  • Good hands-on experience ( two to five years) includes professional experience, internships, and co-ops.
  • Vital MS Office and general computer use skills.
  • The capacity to handle conflicting project deadlines in a demanding workplace with various levels of supervision.
  • Strong attention to detail, particularly in processing and finding differences in large quantities of data.
  • Outstanding knowledge of financial statements, ratios, and concepts.

How do they Work?

A credit analyst's many duties are advising on credit risks associated with lending initiatives involving significant sums of money. 

For instance, a bank may employ a credit analyst to help it evaluate the potential borrowers to maximize the return on its cash holdings.
A credit analyst collects and examines financial information about loans and other credit-related items. 

This involves looking at a borrower's history of payments and their debts, income, and assets. Next, the analyst searches for signs that lending to the borrower might be risky. 

The information is used to decide whether credit should be granted or denied, whether credit limits should be raised or lowered, and if additional costs should be levied.

Interpreting financial statements and using ratios to examine a potential borrower's past and fiduciary conduct is a crucial part of their duties. 

Comparing ratios to industry data benchmarks determines whether the borrower has sufficient cash flows. 

Before authorizing a loan for new farm equipment, for instance, a bank's credit analyst may review the financial statements of an agricultural company.

Usually, there's a specific order in which the analyst examines documents, so the analyst starts with the farmer's income to check whether they can pay or not.

Then they will assess the debts, and based on the results; they can calculate the amount the farmer is eligible to receive.

They assess financial data daily to calculate the predicted return on loans, including income growth, management effectiveness, and market share

They produce reports that describe the degree of risk associated with extending credit or making loans.

A Typical Day at Work as a Credit Analyst

An analyst will come into work and usually:

  1. Examine individual or business customer files to find and choose past-due accounts for collection.
  2. Use computer programs to calculate financial ratios and assess the financial health of the firm's clients.
  3. Assess the level of risk associated with granting credit or making a loan by examining financial accounts and credit data.
  4. Finish loan applications and submit their summary to process the client's application.
  5. Resolve complaints and confirm financial and credit activities.

People suited for this position typically enjoy adhering to rules and routines. They prefer working with facts and figures over concepts. They want to start and finish tasks and projects. 

They enjoy taking charge of others and making lots of choices. They frequently involve business and can involve taking risks.

A background in finance, economics, arithmetic, accounting, or another relevant discipline is necessary for credit analysts. 

For example, the National Association of Credit Analysts' training programs provides advanced certification options for some analysts. 

Numerous financial institutions offer employment opportunities, including banks, investment firms, credit unions, credit rating organizations, insurance firms, and asset management firms

The biggest salaries are earnt by analysts who work in commodities, securities, and other financial assets.


  • Annual reports
  • Financial statements (e.g., 10-Q)
  • Profit and loss statements
  • Management accounts
  • Additional market data reports

Credit analyst tasks:

  • Constructing mathematical and statistical models with a direct connection to the risk being measured.
  • Recording predicted changes to the economic environment.
  • Examining recurring market trends.
  • Keeping track of laws and regulations.
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Authored & Researched by Ahmed Makki | LinkedIn

Reviewed and Edited by Sara De Meyer | LinkedIn

Uploaded by Omair Reza Laskar | LinkedIn

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