Business Plan vs Pitch Deck vs Elevator Plan

These will be for those looking to secure investor financing; knowing the differences will help smooth the process of moving their business forward.

Author: Jacob Rounds
Jacob Rounds
Jacob Rounds
Jacob Rounds is a financial analyst at J.P. Morgan Chase and a recent graduate of the UC Berkeley ('24), where he graduated with an economics BA and a psychology BA.
Reviewed By: Matthew Retzloff
Matthew Retzloff
Matthew Retzloff
Investment Banking | Corporate Development

Matthew started his finance career working as an investment banking analyst for Falcon Capital Partners, a healthcare IT boutique, before moving on to work for Raymond James Financial, Inc in their specialty finance coverage group in Atlanta. Matthew then started in a role in corporate development at Babcock & Wilcox before moving to a corporate development associate role with Caesars Entertainment Corporation where he currently is. Matthew provides support to Caesars' M&A processes including evaluating inbound teasers/CIMs to identify possible acquisition targets, due diligence, constructing financial models, corporate valuation, and interacting with potential acquisition targets.

Matthew has a Bachelor of Science in Accounting and Business Administration and a Bachelor of Arts in German from University of North Carolina.

Last Updated:December 15, 2023

What Is Business Plan vs Pitch Deck vs Elevator Plan?

Although they are similar, a company executive’s business plan, pitch deck, and elevator pitch are distinct. For those looking to secure investor financing, knowing the differences will help smooth the process of moving their business forward.

At a high level, the three schemes all describe a company and its plan, albeit in varying detail. Several key differences lead to different formats that serve specific objectives. 

Investors review the business plan to make a final funding decision. For this reason, it is lengthy and text-heavy.

The pitch deck is the preliminary investor presentation. At this stage, we seek to gain investor attention and interest that could lead to funding down the line. Because it is not the final step, this presentation is shorter but still detailed. Lots of imagery is used to convey ideas visually. 

The elevator pitch is the first step; it is meant to spark an initial interest in the company. Because it is the shortest of the three, it hits only on the absolute core ideas. This pitch is completely verbal.

An overall summary of the differences between the business plan, pitch deck, and elevator pitch, respectively:

  • Tens of pages vs. a ballpark of 10–20 slides vs. a quick verbal explanation
  • Text focus vs. visual focus vs. verbal focus 
  • Funding-oriented vs. attention-oriented vs. interest-sparking

Now let us look at each of the three in more detail to truly understand their differences.

Key Takeaways

  • The business plan, pitch deck, and elevator pitch differ in length, focus, and goals.
  • Business plans are comprehensive (long, text-heavy), pitch decks are concise with visuals, and elevator pitches are ultra-short verbal summaries. Business plan contents cover all aspects of the business in detailed sections.
  • The pitch deck uses little text to emphasize important points visually and keeps it succinct.
  • Elevator Pitch pitch should be presented in a short time frame, ideally within the length of time it takes for a lift on the elevator.The final few seconds of an elevator pitch should focus on key concepts in order to grab listeners' attention.

What is Business Plan?

A business plan is the most detailed of the three documents and explains everything there is to know about a business. However, the document is commonly lengthy because it is much more comprehensive than both the pitch deck and the elevator pitch. 

Even though the business plan can be anywhere from 10 to 100 pages, it is important to write it with concision in mind. This should not necessarily be at the expense of detail, though.

What exactly is included in terms of content? The business plan is how you plan for your business to both grow and operate in the intermediate future (this can be anywhere from 1 to 5 years). Business plans should ensure that they include the following:

  1. The Executive Summary: It is an overview of the entire document. It hits on the key points in each section. An indication of a solid executive summary is whether or not it could stand alone as a separate document. If it could, then it is likely a sufficient summary.
  2. Business Overview: The business overview should describe some basics about the business. These would include how the business was formed, its legal structure, where it is located, what type of business it is, and the means of conducting business.
  3. Operational Plan: The operational plan should explain how the business will operate and function. Different teams and their responsibilities should be included.
  4. Market Analysis: The market analysis details and explains your plans to fulfill customers' needs.
  5. Products and Services: The section on products and services explains all the products and services being sold, how each product is categorized within the business and its model for generating revenue, and a concise description of each product.
  6. Sales and Marketing: The overview of sales and marketing will outline pricing and other sales information. This includes why these price points were chosen and why customers will be willing to purchase at that price point. In addition, strategies for reaching customers and driving sales will be described here. 
  7. Competitive Analysis: In the area dedicated to competitive analysis, competitors in the market are examined. In addition, comparisons of the strengths and weaknesses of the company should be mentioned, as well as a plan to rise above the competition.
  8. Management Team: The management team section exists primarily to drive trust. It provides reasons why the team is uniquely qualified to tackle the challenge the market presents.
  9. Financial Plan: The financial plan should be very detailed and leave nothing to surprise. The cost of starting the business and expected costs for the next few years should be included. In addition, it should also cover how these costs are spread and if more funding will be needed down the road. 
  10. Projections: Finally, projections of financial statements should be presented, including how net income will grow and what the balance sheet will look like in a few years. 

Final tips: When writing, it would be helpful to be realistic with challenges and expectations. Creating a plan that overstates what can be expected will only lead to unforeseen problems. Investors will also likely be able to tell whether or not your expectations are excessive. 

What is Pitch Deck?

A pitch deck is typically created for potential investors’ review. Then, it is put together to begin conversations about financing the company.

To best convey the main points of an otherwise lengthy presentation, the pitch deck summarizes a company’s information rather than going into complete detail. 

As denoted in its name, a pitch deck is normally presented in the form of a deck of slides. However, instead of being text-focused, these slides tend to be image-heavy, providing visual support to investors. 

While images should make up the bulk of the content, it could still be worthwhile to include some text with key business information for potential investors’ further review after the presentation. 

We have already established that the full business plan ranges from 10 to 100 pages. In comparison, the pitch deck is much shorter—it is usually between 10 and 20 slides.

What should be included?

Though the content is up to the presenter’s discretion and depends on what best highlights each company, certain topics should be touched upon. 

  1. Value proposition and brand positioning
  2. Revenue model, roadmap, sales, and marketing strategies
  3. The team and competition
  4. Financials as well as plans for funding

Value proposition and brand positioning

As discussed in greater detail in the elevator pitch section, the value proposition and brand positioning statement answer many simple questions about what the business offers. 

In addition to answering these basic questions, the value proposition and brand positioning section should also discuss the ideal customer and the market as a whole, specifically market sizing.

Revenue model, roadmap, sales, and marketing strategies

The revenue model, roadmap, sales, and marketing strategies section should include figures detailing your pricing strategy and how that compares to your costs. What does the rollout of your product or service look like, or has it already begun?

Other questions investors may have that are answered in this section include growth projections and justification for those forecasts. Are prototypes generating lots of interest?

Are there existing products released, and if so, how much traction do they have? Is growth expected to come from new releases or existing products?

Then, the marketing strategy is discussed to address how and why it will expand the business's existing traction and profit expectations.

The team and competition

Moving forward, in the team and competition section, the reason why the business team is best prepared to deal with any challenges the market presents is listed. 

Moreover, the following questions are also considered in this section:

  1. How does the executive team stack up against competitors?
  2. What is the team’s competitive advantage?
  3. Do comparisons present a challenge, or is the team looking to emulate other similar companies?

Financials as well as plans for funding

Finally, when investors have a more complete understanding of the company, the section about financials is presented.

The following questions are typically considered in this section:

  1. What is the current financial situation of the company?
  2. What valuation does this lead to?
  3. Why is the funding needed?
  4. How will it be used moving forward?
  5. Is more funding likely to be needed?

Once again, when discussing funding and valuation, it is best to be realistic. Investors will form a valuation opinion themselves anyway.

If the valuations provided by the business match the investors' expectations, it will give the investors the impression that the executive team has a solid understanding of the market. Overreaching estimates will only generate more issues for the company in the future.

What is Elevator Pitch?

Finally, we have the elevator pitch. The elevator pitch is the most summarized version of the three.

Given its name, the pitch should be presented in a short time frame, ideally within the length of time it takes for a lift on the elevator. It should not take more than 30 seconds.

Because an elevator pitch is so short, it is important to be once again concise in conveying ideas. It is, in fact, quite logical to even have a rehearsed pitch in advance to make sure all the main points are touched upon efficiently.

The key is to think of the pitch as a hook, touching on the absolute fundamentals of why the company is an innovative and profitable idea.

What might this include? We can approach it in a few ways; two examples below are through value proposition and brand positioning.

Value proposition

The value proposition asks the key questions:

  1. Who are we?
  2. What do we do?
  3. Why does it matter?

A well-conveyed value proposition should explain why the company exists and demonstrate that your team is internally aligned (meaning that there is motivation towards a clear purpose). 

Beyond just creating interest, the value proposition helps establish a purpose for the business that is more profound than a mere market opportunity.

Communicating this concept will implicitly improve how your audiences perceive the business idea and help drive trust if they want to invest.

Brand positioning

We can also consider the fundamentals of the brand positioning statement:

  1. What is the target market?
    • Discussing the target market shows to whom your company is relevant and frames your business in a value-focused way.
  2. What is the frame of reference for our audience?
    • The frame of reference further expands upon why your business idea could profit by analyzing how the competitors in the market are meeting market demands. Examining their shortcomings leads nicely to explaining why your brand would stand out. 
  3. What key benefit do we bring?
    • The critical benefit further discusses this idea with an emphasis on the customer. This section should address the following questions: What exactly is offered to customers? Is it something completely new? Or is it a modification of something already offered?
  4. What reasons do consumers have to believe in our product or service?
    • The final section should include the reasons why your product or service is better than others from a customer's perspective. Does it check all the boxes of customer requirements? Does the company also differentiate itself from competitors in a way that makes it more appealing? Again, these concepts are the backbone of creating trust in both consumers and investors.

Other aspects that can be worth including in the elevator pitch are a brief introduction about yourself (optional) and a conclusion inviting interested investors to contact you (recommended).

Including a little about yourself at the beginning of the pitch may help build credibility with the person listening. Most of the pitch, however, should be about the business idea itself.

Closing the pitch with a call to action helps move the process forward. The goal of the pitch is not to fully sell your idea but to peak interest and lock in a second, in-depth conversation.

Business Plan Vs Pitch Deck Vs Elevator Pitch

A business plan is a document that contains the operational and financial plan of a business and details how its objectives will be achieved. It serves as a road map for the business and can be used when pitching investors or financial institutions for debt or equity financing.

The pitch decks are a visual aid to help businesses attract investors and clients. Understanding the elements of a pitch deck can help you reach your business goals.

The goal of the elevator plan is to capture the audience’s interest so that they want to know more about the idea presented. It assists in expanding one’s professional network and saves time and energy spent conveying ideas. Pitches attract attention and help retain or gain more money in the venture.

Business Plan Vs Pitch Deck Vs Elevator Pitch

Aspect Business Plan Pitch Deck Elevator Pitch
Purpose To identify, describe, and analyze a business opportunity, examining its technical, economic, and financial feasibility. A concise, visual presentation that aims to captivate interest, facilitate discussions, and secure investment or partnerships for a business or project It is to deliver a brief, compelling summary of a business idea or concept within the very short time frame of an elevator ride.
Length Comprehensive and detailed presentation Concise, usually 10–20 slides Very brief, usually 1-2 minutes
Delivery A detailed document, often in written form Virtual meeting and presentation on the phone Verbal communication, often face-to-face or phone
Scope In-depth analysis and exploration of all aspects of the business A visual overview of the business, highlighting key points Very limited in scope, focusing on the most crucial points
Use Case     Long-term planning, business operations, and strategic guidance Secure funding or a partnership in person or through a virtual meeting. Original contact, networking, and brief introduction

Researched and authored by Jacob Rounds | LinkedIn

Reviewed and edited by Hongmo Liu | LinkedIn

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