Pre-Money vs Post-Money Valuation

The distinction is based on the point in time at which it becomes effective, where both valuation measures are crucial in determining a company's value.

The distinction between pre-money and post-money is based on the point in time at which it becomes effective. Therefore, pre-money and post-money valuation measures are crucial in determining a company's value.

The firm's value is one of the most important subjects of discussion during each venture capital fundraising round

Two methodologies can be used to determine valuation: 

  • pre-money valuation, also known as pre-investment valuation, and 
  • post-money valuation, also known as post-investment valuation. 

Whether a valuation is pre-money or post-money significantly influences the capital implications of the financing round, including the price for shares issued in the financing round and the degree of dilution suffered by present investors.

There is a significant distinction between both valuation assessments. Aside from timing, the most significant distinction between pre-money and post-money valuation is the facts made available to shareholders.

A "pre" valuation assigns a monetary value to potential share issues, but a post-money valuation assigns a concrete, clear, and defined numeric value equal to the difference's existing value. 

A projected value before-money leads to a stable value after-money. Startups must recognize the difference.

While the difference between both startup valuations may appear obvious, there are certain factors to consider when considering overall valuation and why these sums are so different.

Generally speaking, valuation is adaptable. It's open-ended and adjustable. Valuation is fully determined by the market and the views of various players involved in the game. Existing investors and business owners will want a high valuation. 

They already believe in the concept and want to ensure their stake is not diminished if more funding is obtained. On the other hand, new investors will want to assess all risks to ensure they aren't overpaying or overvaluing and compromising their financial situation. 

How an investor determines their "pre" valuation worth can impact the post-money valuation and, ultimately, the valuation of the founders, investors, and all current shareholders.

Understanding Pre-money

Pre-money valuation refers to the worth of a firm before becoming public or receiving additional investments such as funding or outside cash. "Pre-" valuation refers to the value of a firm before any investments are made.

The term, also known as pre-money, is occasionally used by venture capitalists and other investors who aren't immediately engaged in a company. They may use this figure to determine their ownership interest in the company based on how much they invest.

"Pre-" valuations are made before any financing rounds and give investors an idea of the potential present worth of the firm. It can alter because it isn't a static figure. This is so because the value is established before each round of funding, whether public or private.


Before a corporation is traded on the open market, pre-money might be calculated. The "pre-" valuation can also be used before a firm receives a startup, an angel, or capital.

The pre-money value may be the assessment of a prospective investor. The amount might then be used as a baseline for the funding they would offer and the percentage of ownership they want to receive in exchange. 

The leadership of the firm reserves the right to reject pre-valuations made by others until they arrive at a value that aligns with the organization's objectives.

Calculating Pre-money

Explaining how to compute both valuations in terms of their differences and relevance is the next level in establishing essential startup knowledge.

When determining this valuation, it's important to remember that pre-funding is a part of the pre-money worth. The hitch here is that to determine the "pre-" value you will propose to investors, you must also consider the "post-" valuation you hope to reach for your company. 

The formula states that pre-money valuation equals post-money valuation, less the investment amount.

Pre-money valuation = Post-money valuation - Investment amount 

By first deciding what features you have in play that would appeal to investors and then merging those qualities into your anticipated intended "post-" worth, you will be able to establish what investment amount to seek and how to present a "pre-" valuation to investors finally.

Understanding Post-money

A company's projected worth following outside investment or financing is known as a "post-" valuation. A company's "post-" valuation would be $30M if it had a $20M value before raising another $10M.

This does not necessarily mean that the company has $30 million on hand. It demonstrates that shareholders believe the company is worth about $30 million. This includes the money raised, and they will receive a sizable return on their investment when there is a liquidation event.

In other words, In this example, the company does not have literal cash at hand. This is where the confusion lies at times. In simple words, if they decide to liquidate all of their assets for any reason, that money will add up to $30 million.


Obtaining an accurate post-money valuation may be challenging, but it's an essential statistic for determining the value of your investment.

The "post-" valuation will continue to track the company and be a key indicator of its performance after it receives a round of investment. 

If the company's current post-money valuation increases after successive fundraising rounds, recruiting new employees and investors will often be quicker.

However, if the opposite occurs, the recruitment process will be delayed, which could affect the company's efficiency regarding development.  

On the other hand, a down round might indicate that the firm is in danger if the "post-" value falls from the prior round. "Post-" appraisals might have detrimental reputation effects in a world where everyone competes for a spot on the next opportunity.

However, additional useful justifications exist for being aware of the "post-" valuation. To comprehend its utility, we must first comprehend the "pre-" valuation, which is the "post-" valuation's opposite.

The post-money valuation may be used to determine the number of important corporate metrics. The problem is that "post-" values are rarely as simple to understand as a straightforward equation.

Calculating Post Money

Finding your post-money valuation is much simpler than finding your pre-money pricing. The two most crucial factors in estimating the "post-" valuation are knowing what percentage of your company the new investor will control and how that will affect the overall value.

 Investors may, however, get a sense of the company's current market worth from this number. It is simple to determine the pre-money worth. The post-money worth must first be determined, but a step still has to be taken.


Recognize that a corporation must do a "pre-" valuation before obtaining any cash.

Using the following formula is a helpful approach to thinking about computing "post-" valuation; this is how "post-" value is determined: 

= Dollar amount invested / percentage earned by the investor

The "post-" valuation will be valued at a specific amount and won't change as a "pre-" valuation may.

In summary, it's crucial to understand both valuations if you're going to be involved in a firm at any level. When deciding how their company will grant them stock options, employees should consider this.

Entrepreneurs must understand this to grow their businesses effectively, and shareholders must understand these principles to make smart investments and gain from them.

What is the importance of pre-money and Post-money valuation?

Both valuations are important because they influence how much of a firm an investor would acquire for a particular investment and how much of the company's current investors will hold.

In other words, both values are crucial in the eyes of investors. Due to this, customers may calculate the value of their investment and predict the return they will receive in the future.

Pre-money valuations give investors and business owners more details than the company's present value. In addition, they give the current market value of each newly issued share. This is important since it will decide how many shares an investor will receive.

Post-money values are essential for future investments. If you require investment in the future, venture capitalists will look at if your current pre-money worth is higher than your past post-money valuation. Simply said, it shows how far you've come since your last investment.


Understanding both valuation assessments can also help you negotiate. Apart from being a vital component of the deal's dynamics, it's also an easy way to show potential investors that you understand the inner workings of a firm.

Your post-money value can depend on a pre-money valuation. Understanding the components that go into a "pre-" valuation may enable a founder to make an educated decision regarding adding new investors and maintaining a consistent "post-" value with which they are satisfied.

Moving forward, Even while one valuation method can be derived from another, you could find that term sheets tend to use "pre-" value more frequently than post-money value. 

The two names are frequently combined. The likelihood of issues if and when investment amounts fluctuate is reduced; thus, experts advise utilizing one and sticking with pre-money.

Key Takeaways

  • The date of value determines the distinction between both valuations. Pre-money and post-money valuation factors are crucial in determining a company's worth.
  • Two approaches can be used to calculate valuation: pre-money valuation, also known as pre-investment valuation, and post-investment valuation, also known as post-investment valuation.
  • There is a significant distinction between both assessments. Aside from timing, the most significant distinction between valuations is the information made available to investors.
  • Both valuations are crucial because they determine how much of a company an investor will purchase for a certain investment and how much current investors will control the company.
  • Understanding pre- and post-money valuations may also assist you in negotiating. Apart from being an important aspect of the deal's dynamics, it's also a simple approach to demonstrate to potential investors that you understand the inner workings of a company.
  • The word, sometimes known as pre-money, is used occasionally by venture capitalists and other investors who are not directly involved in a firm. They may use this amount to establish their ownership stake in the firm based on how much they invest.
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Researched and authored by Dua Bakhsh LinkedIn
Reviewed & Edited by Ankit SinhaLinkedIn

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