Yield simply means the return on an investment, usually the interest paid on a fixed income asset. It is expressed as a percentage and the calculation is simply return divided by cost.
Yield measurements are most commonly associated with bonds and there are 3 main kinds of yield to consider:
- Current Rate - the rate of interest relative to the current bond price
- Coupon Rate - the interest raid paid at the time of issue
- Yield to Maturity - the return an investor can expect over the remaining life of the bond