Enterprise Value Question - compare to equ. value?

Anonymous Monkey's picture
Anonymous Monkey

Hi, I'm looking for clarification here on enterprise value in comparison to equity value etc. I understand the main difference, equity value is the value to shareholders, while enterprise value is the value to all capital providers (debt,equity), but I have seen all the stuff about preferred equity and minority shares and I'm confused where that all fits in.

For one, I've seen when calculating value using a DCF, you forecast FCFF, discount with WACC, and get EV, then you subtract debt and add cash to get to equity value, the amount that should be paid to shareholders for all shares, right?

But then how does this work when you consider this?:

EV info
IF this is true, then shouldn't when you use a DCF, do EV-debt-preferred-minority+cash = equity value?

or am I misinterpreting the meaning of equity value compared to market cap.

Thanks for the help.

Comments (7)

Jul 31, 2019

Someone correct me if I am wrong, but I think you're saying the same thing. One is just a simplified version of the other.

Equity value + debt - cash = EV.

In a more detailed and complex calculation, you have to account for minority shares and preferred equity.

Jul 31, 2019

Is it perhaps that equity value is an all-inclusive term for outstanding shares, preferred, and minority shares?

Jul 31, 2019

That's correct, a lot of the time, people just disregard minority shares and preferred equity in the equation.

    • 1
Jul 31, 2019

Nope. Equity value is the value to shareholders of the firm, which would not include minority interest or preferred debt. These are sources of capital that get paid separately. You either need to subtract the cash impact from FCFF to get to FCFE, or subtract their total values from EV to get to EqV.

Jul 31, 2019

So is it the case that TECHNICALLY, in a DCF you should do

EV-preferred-minority-debt+cash = Eq.V?

But it is normally simplified? But technically speaking, all of those should be included?

Jul 31, 2019

Correct. It is normally simplified because debt and equity are overwhelmingly the primary sources of capital in most cases, so it's easier to understand conceptually. But for some companies with significant amounts of either minority interest or preferred stock, this can be a material detail that will give you very wrong outcomes if overlooked.

Jul 31, 2019