Microsoft's Finance Rotation Program is the best FLDP?
Microsoft's Finance Rotation Program (FRP Program) is maybe the best FLDP/FRP program. You come in as a "Senior Analyst" on day 1. You do 3 to 4 six-month rotations depending on your preference. Then you graduate and become a Finance Manager. However plenty of FRP Analysts end up going into Business Development, Product Management, Corporate Development/Strategy management roles rather than just pursuing Finance.
Your total compensation is within the 6-figures (with bonus) on day 1 which is pretty nice too. It can go higher depending on what bonus % your manager gives you in the middle of the year. And remember this is all with no state income taxes!
This is what a new Analyst's salary looks like: